UCCE Frost Protection Training Units
The two websites below contain narrated training units in a variety of important frost protection topics. These narrated presentations are also available in Spanish. All of these presentations are viewable online in Flash format; you will need audio on your computer to hear the narration.
UC Davis Biometeorology Program Frost Protection Website
The UC Davis Biometeorology program provides detailed frost protection information at the following website:
FAO Frost Protection Publication
A very detailed publication covering all aspects of frost protection is the book titled "Frost protection: fundamentals, practice, and economics" which is available free online at the following website of the UN FAO:
A Spanish language version of the above document is available as a free PDF file at the following website:
Other Frost Protection Resources
Dr. Robert Evans, Supervisory Agricultural Engineer with the USDA-ARS (retired), has written these comprehensive summaries of frost protection science and practice:
Temperature inversion information
The December 2011 Grape Notes newsletter provides a detailed example of how temperature measurements using inexpensive portable towers can be used to evaluate the temperature inversion conditions on frost nights; with this information we can estimate the benefits of wind machines for frost protection at a given location.
The instruction sheet below provides information on how to assemble and install the 35 foot towers for assessing the temperature inversion conditions. These are very inexpensive and highly portable.
The instruction sheet below explains how to visually analyze the temperature data collected by the above inversion towers. If you are operating your own towers following the system described above, this visual analysis is the easiest and most efficient way to evaluate the temperature measurements.
The Zip folder below contains two example temperature data files from one inversion tower, and a combined data file produced following the instruction sheet above. To view these files you will also need a copy of the HOBOware software installed on your computer.
Assessing and Responding to Winter Cold Injury to Grapevine Buds
The website below created by Dr. Robert Pool at Cornell University discusses winter cold damage to grapevine buds, and has very detailed pictures of the compound bud and how individual buds within the compound bud can be damaged to varying degrees:
Wind machines for reducing winter cold damage
In some parts of California vine losses due to winter cold damage can be a concern. The following detailed report from research in Ontario, Canada provides good background on wind machine function and their use for protecting against such winter cold damage:
Additional information is available at the following website: